2. Dynamic tests by striking seats with an impactor
3. Sled tests
4. Simulation of sled tests
5. Discussion and Conclusion
In the event of a level crossing accident, train passengers seated in a rotating and reclining seat have a risk of getting injured due to collision with seats in front of them. In order to evaluate the passenger’s kinematic behavior and injury quantitatively in this situation, firstly we carried out dynamic tests by striking the seats with an impactor to grasp the physical properties of the seat in terms of dynamic strength. Secondly, we carried out impact tests using crash-test dummies, and FE analyses under the same condition as the tests.